Join Our Mailing List

What We Do
Preventive Program
Adult Education and Literacy
Youth Program
Legal Services Program
Health Program
Anti-Violence Program
Khalil Gibran International Academy
I Need To Be Heard!

Program Contact Information

Danny Salim
Anti-Violence Program Manager
(718) 250 - 5122


2018, Sonoma State University, Grim's review: "Haldol 10 mg, 5 mg, 1.5 mg. Purchase cheap Haldol no RX.".

Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1938; derlying word generation and their modification 39:914–918 order haldol 1.5 mg otc. Wise R haldol 1.5mg online, Scott S discount haldol 5 mg with mastercard, Blank S generic haldol 1.5mg line, Mummery C cheap 10 mg haldol amex, Murphy K, Phys Med Rehabil 1988; 69:833–839. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1993; Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1995; 3:174–182. Zevner K, Bara-Jimenez W, Noguchi P, Goldstein Fenson J, Kriz S, Jeffries R, Miller L, Herbst K. Sensory training for pa- ferential effects of unilateral lesions on language tients with focal hand dystonia. A meta-analysis of clinical outcomes in the with the neurologically involved child. Neural systems and lan- hand splints on bilateral hand use, grasp and arm- guage processing: Toward a synthetic approach. The ef- prehension: Implications for the cortical organiza- fectiveness of inflatable pressure splints on motor tion of language. Traditional and contemporary views of habil Res Dev 1990; Clinical supplement #2:1–118. Rodgers M, Keyser R, Rasch E, Gorman P, Russell Stroke Rehabil 1994; 1:14–36. J Rehabil Res Dev 2001; 38:505– Spared priming despite impaired comprehension: 511. Brain Lang 2001; treatment of speech, language, cognitive, and swal- 76:62–69. Wagner A, Koutstaal W, Maril A, Schacter D, Buck- Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery. Task-specific repetition priming in left infe- phia: WB Saunders, 1992:128–151. Kreisler A, Godefroy O, Delmaire C, Debachy B, Reading in pure alexia: The effect of strategy. Benson D, Dobkin B, Rothi L, Helm-Estabrooks N, dence from cortical mapping. Belin P, Van Eeckhout P, Zilbovicius M, Remy P, The Rehabilitation Team 249 Francois C, Guillaume S, Chain F, Rancurel G, 165. Recovery from nonfluent aphasia after ment of chronic global aphasia with a nonverbal melodic intonation therapy: A PET study. Voluntary control of involuntary Computers in the rehabilitation of chronic, severe utterances. Br J Dis- ery in chronic aphasia with an interactive technol- ord Commun 1986; 21:39–45. Con- apy in the treatment of severe expressive aphasia and frontation naming rehabilitation in aphasics: A com- apraxia of speech. J Speech Hear Res tence level auditory comprehension treatment pro- 1972; 15:42–48. Visual apy for aphasia: A randomized double-blind Action therapy for global aphasia. Walker-Batson D, Curtis S, Natarajan R, Ford J, grammed instruction with operant training in the Dronkers N, Salmeron E, Lai J, Unwin D, Feeney language rehabilitation of severely aphasic patients. A double-blind placebo-controlled study of the Behav Psychotherapy 1984; 12:237–248. Neuropragmatics: Ex- the disabled: Implications for the individual and for tralinguistic communication after closed head injury. The specific means of safe and in- NEUROLOGIC GAIT DEVIATIONS dependent mobility does not correlate with Hemiparetic Gait health-related quality of life. Paraparetic Gait For the assessment of ambulation, the phys- Gait with Peripheral Neuropathy ical therapist, physician, and orthotist rely on Gait with Poliomyelitis an observational analysis of the gait pattern QUANTITATIVE GAIT ANALYSIS combined with measures of strength, sensa- Temporal Measures tion, balance, and muscle tone. Trial-and-error Kinematics interventions and, sometimes, a formal gait Electromyography analysis, help formulate the treatment ap- Kinetics proaches and the prognosis for gains in walk- Energy Expenditure ing over time. This chapter bridges portions of APPROACHES TO RETRAINING the preceding and next chapter by describing AMBULATION assessments of the most common gait devia- Conventional Training tions, routine and newer therapeutic interven- Task-Oriented Training tions, and outcome measures. Assistive Devices SUMMARY NORMAL GAIT Ambulation is often the highest immediate re- The network mechanisms for postural and lo- habilitative priority for patients following a comotor control managed by cortical, subcor- stroke, the Guillain-Barre syndrome, and brain tical, and spinal processing modules, described or spinal cord injury. Walking and carrying out tasks while who develop proximal weakness and imbalance standing require a remarkable level of sensori- associated with deconditioning, arthritic pain, motor integration, cognition, and procedural contractures or a spinal stenosis aim for con- learning.

purchase 5mg haldol mastercard

haldol 1.5mg sale

The frequency and severity was either mild (three times per night) to severe (3-5 times per night) buy 10 mg haldol. All these patients had the following signs and symptoms accompanying their enuresis: Chinese Research on the Treatment of Pediatric Enuresis 135 an emaciated body cheap 1.5 mg haldol mastercard, lack of strength order 1.5 mg haldol fast delivery, reduced appetite generic 10mg haldol mastercard, aversion to cold haldol 10mg otc, cold limbs, chilly pain in the lower abdomen, a pale tongue with white fur, and a slow, deep pulse. Treatment method: Based on the treatment principles of warming the kidneys, secur- ing and astringing, the main points moxaed were: Qi Hai (CV 6) Guan Yuan (CV 4) San Yin Jiao (Sp 6) Auxiliary points included: Shen Shu (Bl 23) Zu San Li (St 36) Treatment was given once per day, and seven treatments equaled one course. Study outcomes: Twenty-six cases (57%) were cured, 13 cases (29%) markedly improved, five cases (11%) improved, and one case (2%) did not improve. From The Treatment of 50 Cases of Pediatric Enuresis with Warm Needle Moxibustion by Xiu Wei-guo et al. Thirty-eight cases were 5-9 years old, and 12 cases were 10-13 years old. The TCM pattern discrimination was kidney qi insufficiency in 46 cases, and spleen-lung qi vacuity in four cases. Treatment method: The main acupoints used in this protocol were: 136 Treating Pediatric Bed-wetting with Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine Guan Yuan (CV 4) San Yin Jiao (Sp 6) Zhong Ji (CV 3) Pang Guang Shu (Bl 28) Two of these main points were chosen each time and the points were alternated each time. If there was kidney qi insufficiency, Shen Shu (Bl 23) and Tai Xi (Ki 3) were added. If there was lung- spleen qi vacuity, Zu San Li (St 36) and Qi Hai (CV 6) were added. Each point was stimulated for 30 seconds to one minute after insertion of the needle. When stimulating Qi Hai and Zhong Ji, the patient felt distention radiating into the genital area. When stimu- lating San Yin Jiao, the results were better if the patient felt dis- tention radiating up the leg. One inch of moxa was then put on the end of each needle and cardboard was put on the skin to pre- vent burning. Two or three moxa cones were used on each point, and the needles were retained for 30 minutes. One treatment was given every other day, and 10 treatments equaled one course of therapy. Study outcomes: Thirty-one cases were cured, 16 cases improved, and three cases did not improve. From The Treatment of 31 Cases of Pediatric Enuresis with Acupuncture & Moxibustion by Zhao Zeng-cui & Xue Fang, Gui Lin Zhong Yi Yao (Guilin Chinese Medicine & Medicinals), 2001, #3, p. Treatment method: The main aupoints used in this protocol were: Qi Hai (CV 6) Bai Hui (GV 20) Chinese Research on the Treatment of Pediatric Enuresis 137 San Yin Jiao (Sp 6) Pang Guang Shu (Bl 28) If there was kidney qi vacuity, Guan Yuan (CV 4) and Shen Shu (Bl 23) were added. If there was spleen-lung qi vacuity, Lie Que (Lu 7), Zu San Li (St 36), and Pi Shu (Bl 21) were added. Supplementation method was used when stimulating Qi Hai, and the patient was expected to feel distention radiating into the genital area. The same stimulation method was used with Pang Guang Shu, but the patient was expected to feel distention radiating to the abdominal region. When stimulating San Yin Jiao, the authors said the results were better if the patient felt disten- tion radiating up to the knee. When stimulating Bai Hui, the even supplementing-even draining method was used. Treatment was given once per day, and seven consecutive days equaled one course of treatment. Study outcomes: After one course of treatment, 13 cases were cured, and, after two courses, 14 more cases were cured. The patients that were cured received two treatments after the enuresis had stopped in order to secure the treatment results. There was no recurrence of enuresis in these 27 patients after six months. From The Treatment of 68 Cases of Enuresis of the Vacuity Type with Acupuncture & Moxibustion by Yang Jian-hua, Hu Nan Zhong Yi Yao Dao Bao (The Hunan Instructional Bulletin of Chinese Medicine & Medicinals), 2001, #5, p. The TCM pattern discrimination was kidney qi insufficiency in 43 cases and spleen qi vacuity in 25 cases. When stimulating Qi Hai and Guan Yuan, the patient was expected to feel distention radiating into the genital area. When stimulating San Yin Jiao, the results were better if the patient felt distention radiating up to the knee. Then the needles were res- timulated every three minutes after the initial stimulation.

order haldol 1.5 mg without prescription

It is obvious that the type of code that will have to be imbedded in a replaceable brain part that participates in cognitive processing will depend upon the role the damaged area played in transmitting information from one region to the next purchase haldol 10 mg on-line. At the individual neuron level discount 1.5mg haldol visa, encoding of relevant events seems to be a feature of cor- tical neurons haldol 5 mg low price, while modulation of firing rate is more associated with encoding of sensory events and motor responses (Carpenter et al cheap haldol 10 mg mastercard. The information encoded by neu- rons is a function of the divergence or convergence of their respective synaptic inputs (Miller buy haldol 10 mg, 2000), and the timing of those inputs, as in the mechanisms involved in syn- aptic enhancement (van Rossum et al. Thus encoding by cortical neu- rons may be di¤erent at each stage, even though the neurons are part of a common circuit. In each of these cases it is the pattern of activation that is critical to the representation of information. Although it is not necessary that such encoding have emergent properties, it is nec- essary that the transferred pattern be precise enough to trigger the next set of neurons tuned to read that pattern. In other words, the code that is utilized within the popu- lation has to have a functional basis with respect to how it preserves information from its input as representative of the outside world. In the case of cortical neurons, this is probably the only way to encode complex information relevant to cognitive processes. Cognitive Neural Codes Are Dichotomies of Referent Information Feasible encoding for replacement brain parts will require an extraction of features encoded at the neuronal as well as the population level. Codes can be extracted from single neurons only by analyses of individual spike trains, which requires detailed tem- poral characterization to determine whether increased or decreased rates are signifi- cant. Codes can also be extracted from neural populations by statistical procedures that identify sources of variances in firing across neurons within a given set of circumstances. These sources need not be identified at the individual neuron level since a given component of the variance might reflect a pattern of firing that is only represented by several neurons firing simultaneously. Once the sources of variance have been identified, the next step is to determine how the underlying neuronal population contributes to those variances. Since a par- ticular component of variance can arise from several di¤erent underlying neuronal firing patterns (Deadwyler et al. First, there will be at least some neurons that encode the input features to the ensemble, especially in cases where the identified source(s) reflect prominent dimensions of the stimulus or task (i. However, other components of the ensemble may reflect interactions between dimensions, such as the occurrence of a particular response at a particular time in a particular direction. Because there could be more than one way in which the popula- tion could encode such information, it is necessary to understand how individual neurons fire with respect to relevant dimensional features of the task. The three-dimensional graph shows individual neurons (horizontal axis at left), versus time during a DNMS trial. The phases of the DNMS trial are SR, response on the sample lever; NR, response on the nonmatch lever. Each neuron responds with an increased firing rate to di¤erent features or events within the trial. No single neuron is capable of encoding the total information in the task, nor does straightfor- ward examination of the ensemble firing rate lead to derivation of the encoded infor- mation, since each neuron does not always fire during all trials. However, by combining statistical extraction methods applied to the total population of recorded neurons with categorization of individual cell types, the nature of the encoding pro- cess is gradually revealed. The 3-D histograms illustrate several neurons with either sample or nonmatch phase selectivity. The trials were divided according to whether the sam- ple response was to the left (left trial) or right lever (right trial), but there was no dis- tinction in phase responses of these neurons with respect to position. The raster diagram at the top right shows a single, nonmatch, cell with elevated firing only at the nonmatch response, irrespective of response position. This encoding of the DNMS phase by single neurons underlies the di¤erential encoding of the task phase by the ensemble, as shown by the discriminant scores at the bottom right. Further allocation of variance revealed a complementary set of neurons that encoded response position irrespective of DNMS phase. Ensembles of 10–16 neurons were recorded from the rat hippocampus and analyzed via canonical discriminant analysis (Deadwyler et al. The greatest percent of variance (42%) was contributed by a discriminant function (DF1) that di¤erentiated the sample from the nonmatch phase. The graph at the bottom right shows the maximum separation of discriminant scores for DF1 at the sample response (SR) and nonmatch response (NR) events, with scores near zero during intertrial interval (ITI), delay, and last nosepoke during the de- lay (LNP). There was no significant di¤erence in firing at left (left trial) or right (right trial) lever positions.

cheap 10mg haldol with amex

If another region participates in an alternate strategy for accomplishing a task discount haldol 10mg line, develop an intervention that en- gages the alternative node discount 5mg haldol visa. Correlate activation patterns over the time of an intervention with variations in the type haldol 10 mg cheap, duration buy 5 mg haldol visa, and intensity of physical and cognitive therapies generic 10 mg haldol fast delivery. Use fMRI, TMS or NIRS changes in the size and lo- cation of representational activations over time as a physiologic marker of optimal intensity of a ther- apy. Assess strategies to modulate interhemispheric competition and cooperation, for example, for hemi- inattention or aphasia, in which engaging or suppressing the activity of the uninjured hemisphere may improve function. Map the initial response to a particular training intervention for a new patient. Compare the results to a data bank of prospective studies that have correlated pathology, behavior, and early patterns of acti- vation in response to the intervention with long-term functional gains. Study the effects of medications on levels of activation and changes in patterns of engaged regions. Combine the use of drugs that alter an activation with specific training and compare to efficacy train- ing alone. Use early activation paradigms to establish subsets of patients who are most likely to respond to a par- ticular intervention. This strategy may help reduce the number of subjects needed to study the effi- cacy of a new intervention. Understand how the nodes in a network dynamically interact in their connectivity. New analytic mod- els may be needed to interpret the effect one region of activity has on others. Monitor the effects of biological interventions over time to determine whether or not implanted cells and regenerating axons are incorporated into a network. PET, positron emission tomography; SPECT, single photon emission computerized tomography; rCBF, regional cere- bral blood flow; fMRI, functional magnetic resonance imaging; HREEG, high resolution electroencephalography; MEG, magnetoencephalography; NIRS, near-infrared spectroscopy. The most dominant factor of cor- for PET compared to single photon emission tical oxygen and glucose consumption is the re- computerized tomography (SPECT). Future setting of ionic concentrations via the sodium- PET labeling techniques may allow studies of potassium ATPase after synaptic activity. Whole brain sam- emitting isotopes, which must be made at the ples and isotopes that have half-lives of several time of a study, include fluorine-18, oxygen-15, minutes, such as 15O , allow 30-second activa- 2 nitrogen-13, and carbon-11. More biologically tion or rest studies to be repeated every 10 important radiopharmaceuticals are available minutes. Scanning equipment and a cy- include xenon-133, iodine-123, and tech- clotron to manufacture the radiotracers are be- netium-99m. Single photon emission comput- coming less cumbersome, but still require a erized tomography does not directly assess dedicated team of physicists and other scientists. Hemody- cerebral perfusion, blood volume, and the dis- namic responses follow synaptic activity by at tribution of several receptors, which indirectly least several hundred milliseconds, so tightly reflect metabolism and network activity. Thus, an activation task must be ischemia studies applicable to rehabilitation in- brief. Ionizing radiation, nonuniform the time it takes the radiotracer to no longer be spatial resolution, low temporal resolution, and detectable in the structures of interest. For ex- the relativity of measures from one region of ample, PET-FDG studies require considerably interest to another limit its usefulness in the longer times to carry out, up to 30 minutes af- functional imaging of plasticity. For an activation study, the sub- pitfalls of SPECT are found among the meth- ject would have to continue performing a task ods and paradigms of components of functional over that interval. Another limitation is Resonance Imaging that the uptake of tracer does not allow the in- vestigator to view the temporal sequence of re- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) gional activations. Also, both inhibition and ex- does not require the preparation of radiophar- citation at synapses produce the same level of maceuticals or expose patients to irradiation. Finally, PET inherently cannot distingush rectly detects increases in neuronal activity. This limits the abil- blood flow increases the oxygen content of lo- ity to interpret the effects of sensory drive for cal venous blood and decreases its concentra- motor reorganization, especially within the pri- tion of deoxyhemoglobin, which increases the mary sensorimotor cortex. The amount of BOLD signal Experimental Case Study 3–1 describes the observed by a scanner depends on the strength most commonly used data manipulation and of the magnetic field, the echo time (TE), and analysis technique for PET, called Statistical the imaging technique.

8 of 10 - Review by F. Hamlar
Votes: 161 votes
Total customer reviews: 161


The Arab-American Family Support Center is a 501(c)3 non-profit, non-sectarian organization that provides culturally and linguistically sensitive services to immigrant communities throughout New York City.  © 2017 All Rights Reserved.

AAFSC Brooklyn
150 Court Street, 3rd Flr
Brooklyn, NY 11201
T: 718 - 643 - 8000
F: 718 - 797 - 0410
E: info@aafscny.org
AAFSC Queens
37-10 30th Street, 2nd Fl.

Queens, NY 11101
T: 718 - 937 - 8000
F: 347 - 808 - 8778
AAFSC @ the Family Justice Centers
FJC Bronx (718) 508-1220
FJC Brooklyn (718) 250 - 5035
FJC Manhattan (212) 602-2800
FJC Queens (718) 575 - 4500
FJC Staten Island (718) 697 - 4300